Native to Southeast Asia, the leopard gourami flaunts a pale silver-blue body decorated with mesmerizing dark spots and bars reminiscent of its exotic namesake. A sociable species, it lives harmoniously with a variety of tankmates. Let’s explore proper care for this beginner-friendly fish.
Introducing the Leopard Gourami
- Origin: Rivers and streams of Indonesia
- Size: Up to 6 inches (15 cm)
- Lifespan: 4-6 years with proper care
- Temperament: Peaceful toward most tankmates
- Appearance: Pale silvery body with dramatic black spotting pattern
- Variations: Green leopard, gold leopard
- Price Range: $5 – $15 per fish
Habitat & Tank Requirements
- Natural Habitat: Slow-moving rivers and streams
- Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
- Water Parameters: 75-82°F (24-28°C); pH 6.0-7.5; 5-12 dGH
- Tank Setup: Planted tank with driftwood décor and dim lighting. Fine gravel substrate.
- Diet: Omnivorous – high-quality flakes, pellets with added meaty foods
- Feeding Habits: Leopard gouramis are eager eaters that will accept most foods offered. Feed several small meals per day.
- Hikari Tropical Pellets
- Frozen bloodworms
- Brine shrimp
- Spirulina flakes
- Reproduction: Bubble nest builders. No noticeable sexual dimorphism.
- Breeding Requirements: Trigger spawning using cool water changes. Provide flat surface near water surface for bubble nests.
- Spawning Process: The male constructs a bubble nest, entices female to lay up to 800 eggs, then fertilizes. Male guards eggs and fry once hatched in about 1 day. Fry become free-swimming in 6-8 days.
Common Health Issues
- Prone to ichthyophthirius (Ich) and skin flukes. Use quarantine procedures for new specimens. Legionella bacteria in untreated tap water can cause Legionnaire’s disease.
- Preventative Measures: Maintain excellent water quality and nutrition. Have backup tanks for holding sick fish. Use water conditioner to neutralize tap water.
- Compatibility: Peaceful mid-tank dweller suitable for community aquariums. Avoid fin nippers.
- Special Care: Requires good water quality and space to swim. Make sure filtration does not create strong currents.
- Legal Restrictions: None
Suitable Tank Mates
- Small tetras
- Corydoras catfish
- Cherry barbs
No reliable visible differences between male and female leopard gouramis. Males may build bubble nests or develop more pointed dorsal fins.
How many species of Gourami leopard?
There is just one defined leopard gourami species, Trichopodus leerii. However, selective breeding has produced color variations.
How to feed Gourami leopard to make their color brighter?
Offer vitamin-enriched foods with shrimp, spirulina and other ingredients to enhance coloration. Provide a well-balanced diet and ideal water conditions for vibrant colors.
How Big do Gourami leopard Grow?
In home aquariums, leopard gouramis normally max out around 6 inches (15 cm) in length when fully grown. Selective breeding can produce jumbo specimens over 7 inches long.
How fast do Gourami leopard grow?
With a healthy diet and proper tank parameters, leopard gouramis grow rather quickly, approaching maximum size within their first 10-14 months, then slowing down significantly after maturity.
How long do Gourami leopard live?
The average lifespan for a leopard gourami is 4 to 6 years in a home aquarium. With pristine tank conditions and care, they may exceed 6 years.
How to take care of Gourami leopard?
Leopard gouramis need large planted tanks, high-quality foods, clean water, peaceful tank mates like small tetras, and decorative hiding spots. Perform regular partial water changes.
Which food brands are the best for Gourami leopard?
Hikari, Omega One and API all make excellent leopard gourami food options like algae rounds and pellets specifically for labyrinth fish nutrition.
Is good to keep Gourami leopard as Pets?
Yes, leopard gouramis are fabulous medium-sized display fish for community aquaria. They are fairly hardy, adapt well to captivity and exhibit interesting behaviors like bubble nest building.
Why did my Gourami leopard die?
Common causes include deteriorating water conditions, aggression from inappropriate tankmates leading to stress, introduction of pathogens or parasites from untreated new fish or plants, or poor diet leading to malnutrition.
Are Gourami leopard Aggressive?
Leopard gouramis are one of the most peaceful gourami species. They may show mild aggression to extremely showy or provocative tankmates, but outright aggression or killing others is very uncommon.
Do Gourami leopard kill other fish?
Healthy, properly cared for leopard gouramis living in an appropriately sized tank are extremely unlikely to show significant aggression or kill smaller tank mates outside of exceptional circumstances.
As a professional aquarist, you might be looking for a website that can help you with your aquaristic needs. You might want to find information about different species of FreshWater Fish, SaltWater Fish, plants, corals, and invertebrates, as well as their care Equipment, compatibility, and behavior. You might also want to learn about the best equipment, products, and techniques for setting up and maintaining your aquariums. You might also want to connect with other aquarists and share your Diseases & Cures experiences, tips, and photos.